Age Spots

Age spots are patches of pigmentation – sometimes called ‘liver spots’ – that appear on the skin as we get older.

They are almost always associated with sun damage in the past. A lot of people underestimate how much sun exposure they have however it is the cumulative effect of the sun, over a great number of years, that finally results in the characteristic appearance of sun damaged skin. The best treatment option will depend on the extent of the sun spots, and the other associated signs of ageing that are also present.

Non-surgical treatments for age spots include:

Light Chemical Peels

A course of lighter chemical peels can sometimes be used to treat sun damage. A lighter chemical peel is one using a more dilute acid, so it does not penetrate as deeply. Consequently, these have a much more rapid recovery with people usually returning to work straight away. There is normally some dry skin and peeling around days 3 – 5, although it is usually not significant enough to stop people going about their normal day-to-day activities. Normally a course of 3 or 4 treatments would be suggested, one each week. The philosophy behind this treatment is that the constant inflammation produced the more minor peels results in more collagen remodelling in the deeper layers of the skin.

Injections of Facial Filler

This is an old fashioned method of skin resurfacing using a rotating wire brush. Due to the lack of control with this technique, the results can be unprThis works by plumping the skin below the wrinkle, reducing the depth of deeper wrinkles and folds. This is typically most effective in the lower part of the face, around the mouth area. Occasionally fillers can be combined with injections in the upper face where the lines on the upper face are very deep.

IPL

This treatment uses very bright light, in a short burst, to target pigments within the skin. The pigments that are targeted are red and brown, which generates a burst of heat, which typically destroys red blood vessels and brown age spots. The treatment can be quite painful, but is usually over with very quickly. It is most effective for people who have sun damage where ‘dyschromia’ – uneven skin colour – is the predominant feature. It is best for most isolated patches of sun spots.

Fractional Laser

This is broadly considered to be the gold standard treatment for advanced sun damage. The CO2 laserworks by burning the top layers of the skin off, which in turn generates a healing response. Traditional laser resurfacing burns the entire surface of the skin off. More recently advances in ‘fractional’ technology means that only a percentage of the skins surface is removed, using microscopic laser beams. This has the effect of still stimulating a healing response, but with a shorter recovery period afterwards. The CO2 laser we use is the CO2RE from Syneron-Candela, which has the ability to work in both full field and fractional mode. For treating sun damage with age spots we normally use it in fractional mode, typically using a combination of medium and deep settings. The down time from this procedure is usually around one week. You will normally notice a benefit from this treatment after one session, although occasionally two or three sessions are required to achieve optimal results in the most severe cases.

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